On April 15th 2023 armed conflict broke out in Khartoum and the Darfur region of Sudan between the Sudanese armed forces, led by general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, led by Mhamaed Hamdan Dagalo, better known as Hemedti. The country was still recovering from previous civil wars and one of the poorest countries in the world. Over 3.7 million people were already internally displaced, and that number has only increased since April 15th, with another humanitarian crisis looming. There have been calls for ceasefires, but none has held long enough
Sudan also plays a role in some of the other regional conflicts, such as South Sudan and the Horn of Africa, due to its proximity. Failure to resolve the issues can detonate the conflict across borders. The Security Council should try to reduce the level of conflict, ensure access to humanitarian aid for refugees and ensure that the conflict does not spread across borders.