The Security Council is the most prominent body of the United Nations, charged with maintaining international peace and security. It is also the only UN body whose resolutions are binding to all member states. It has the right to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The Issues for 2018 are:
The Question of:
- The situation in the Middle East (Syria)
- Promoting the role of women and youth in achieving international peace and security
- The situation in the Middle East (Yemen)
Rules of Procedure
An amendment or resolution needs 9 votes in favor in order to pass, and an no vote against from any of the P5 countries (China, the United States of America, United Kingdom, Russian Federation and France). Abstentions are always allowed, even in motions to divide the house.
In the Security Council, there is an ad-hoc debate procedure that is used which means that no resolution is prepared beforehand. In the Security Council, delegations hand in individual clauses, each clause is debated and it passes or fails. At the end of the debate, the committee will vote on the resolution as a whole. This way a resolution is created.
The Security Council is allowed to use certain Pre-Ambulatory and Operative Clauses, which are other committees are not. These clauses can be found here
The current members of the Security Council are: Bolivia, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, France, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Equatorial Guinea, Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America
Emma Docter (President) and Mihir Sharma (Deputy-President) will be the Student Officers for the Security Council at LEMUN 2018